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Governments from the Constituent Legislature to the present

The governments of the twelve legislatures, plus the Constituent Legislature, span a period from 5 July 1977 to the present.

There were two successive governments of the Union of the Democratic Centre (Spanish acronym: UCD), headed up by Adolfo Suárez, in the Constituent Legislature.

The 1st Legislature contained the largest number of cabinets in total - nine - four of them headed up by Adolfo Suárez and the other five by Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo. The UCD was the governing party.

The two cabinets comprising the 2nd Legislature were headed up by Felipe González, with the Spanish Socialist Workers Party (Spanish acronym: PSOE) as the governing party.

The PSOE was also the governing party of the 3rd Legislature, which comprised two different cabinets, of the 4th Legislature, in which there were six cabinets, and of the 5th Legislature, which comprised five cabinets. Felipe González headed up all of them.

The 6th Legislature was made up of four different cabinets under the People's Party (Spanish acronym: PP), headed up by José María Aznar. The 7th Legislature comprised five different cabinets under the PP and also headed up by José María Aznar.

There were five cabinets in both the 8th Legislature and the 9th Legislature, under the governance of the PSOE and headed up by José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.

The governing party of the 10th Legislature is the PP, headed up by Mariano Rajoy.

At the start of the 11th Legislature on 13 January 2016, no candidate reached a majority enough to be endowed president. Mariano Rajoy and the last Cabinet formed under the 10th Legislature remains in place in an acting capacity.

In the 12th Legislature, from 19 July 2016 to 1 June 2018, the government of Mariano Rajoy Brey, from the PP, was in power. After a motion of censure, as from 1 June 2018, the President of the Government is Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón, from the PSOE.

In the 13th Legislature, Pedro Sánchez does not reach the majority enough to be endowed president and form a government, so he remains Acting President, like his last Cabinet of the XII Legislature.

Following the general elections of 10 November 2019, and the start of the 14th Legislature, Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón, from the PSOE, is invested President of the Government (Designation Royal Decree 1/2020, January 7).

The composition of the first Government of 14th Legislature was published in the Official State Gazette on 13 January 2020. The new Cabinet held its first Council of Ministers the following day, 14 January.

As a result of the departure of the current Minister for Health, Salvador Illa, who stood in the elections in Catalonia on 14 February as candidate, on January 25, 2021 he ceases in his post and is replaced by the Minister for Territorial Policy and Public Function, Carolina Darias, while Miquel Iceta became new Minister for Territorial Policy and Public Function.

Non official translation