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AIR AND MARITIME TRANSPORT

1. AIR TRANSPORT

Will I be able to continue to fly between the UK and Spain after the date of the UK's withdrawal from the European Union? I have already bought the tickets. Will I be able to use them without any problems?

As of 1 February, you may continue to travel between the UK and Spain without any problem and without any new procedure. This system will last at least until 31 December 2020 (the period may be extended).

Starting on 1 January 2021, the situation will depend on the agreement reached by the EU and the UK, so we recommend you check the information published on this website or the website of the Presidency if you plan to travel after this date.

I have read in the press that certain Spanish airlines might lose their licence after Brexit and not be able to fly anywhere. I have already bought tickets with one of these airlines. Is there any risk that I might not be able to fly with them?

Not at all. In 2020 there will be practically no changes to the situation in any way; after 2020, all the airlines that may be affected by Brexit will have had to carry out the necessary changes to comply fully with European law in order to continue normal operations.

The only destination that may be affected starting in 2021 is the UK itself, because if companies are to be able to continue operating between the EU and UK there will have to be an agreement between the two parties. It is expected that this agreement will be negotiated in 2020.

As a passenger, will I notice any difference when flying to the United Kingdom?

At the moment, no; until the end of 2020 nothing changes. As of 1 January 2021, travellers to or from the UK may experience some slight changes in the procedures at passport control or customs. This information is usually published on the airport websites or those of the airlines themselves.

However, if you travel with pets, we strongly recommend that you check the conditions applicable sufficiently in advance on the website of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.

I am planning to travel to an international destination after 1 February with a stopover at a British airport. Will Brexit affect me in any way? Will I have to apply for a separate visa for the UK?

Until 31 December 2020, you do not have to carry out any special procedure. The conditions will be the same as until now. After 31 December, we recommend you consult the British Government website in advance of your planned trip, to know the procedures required for entry to the UK.

I am a citizen of one of the following countries: AFGHANISTAN, BANGLADESH, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO, ERITREA, ETHIOPIA, GHANA, IRAN, IRAQ, NIGERIA, PAKISTAN, SOMALIA, SRI LANKA, and I plan to travel to the UK after 1 February with a stopover at a Spanish airport. Do I have to comply with any special formalities?

Until 31 December 2020 you will not have to comply with any special formalities. After 31 December 2020, nationals of the above countries who wish to travel to the UK with a stopover at EU airports must hold an airport transit visa. To obtain the visa you must apply at the closest consulate of the country in which you will be in transit.

After Brexit and as a passenger, will I still have the same rights as until now in air transport?

All your rights are guaranteed in 2020 because the EU regulations that protect them will also be applicable in the UK.

Starting in 2021, unless the EU and the UK agree something else, the flights that leave the UK will be subject to UK rules on passenger protection; and if you fly with an EU airline to an airport in the EU, you will also continue to enjoy the rights guaranteed by EU law. You can find out more about these rights on the website of the Spanish State Air Security Agency (AESA).

I am travelling from Spain to the United Kingdom. If my outbound flight to the United Kingdom is cancelled or delayed, am I entitled to assistance, compensation, etc. under the European regulations on protecting user rights in air transport (Reg. 261/2004)?

Yes. Given that the flight departs from a Spanish airport, EU regulations continue to apply regardless of the operating company. This does not change with Brexit.

If my return flight from the United Kingdom to Spain is cancelled or delayed, am I entitled to assistance, compensation, etc. under the European regulations on protecting user rights in air transport (Reg. 261/2004)?

In 2020, this will be the case. After 2020, unless the EU and the UK agree otherwise, the rights of passengers on flights that depart from the UK and arrive in the EU will depend on the nationality of the airline. If the airline is British or non-EU, the rights will be those in force in the UK, while if the airline is EU, the user may request that EU rights apply.

I am a British citizen currently residing in the Canary Islands/Balearic Islands. Will I continue to benefit from air transport discounts on my inter-island flights and flights to the mainland?

During the transition period British citizens will enjoy the same rights in Spain as citizens of the EU, with some exceptions included in the UK's Withdrawal Agreement. They will therefore continue to benefit from the reductions for residence in Spanish territories not on the mainland.

After the UK's exit from the European Union, initially and unless there is an agreement to the contrary, they will only continue to benefit from the reductions if they are recognised as long-term residents.

2. MARITIME TRANSPORT

British citizens will continue to benefit from the same conditions as now in passenger transport and for obtaining and using recreational licences, while the requirements of the prevailing EU law continues to be complied with, given that EU law must be applicable to the UK until 31 December 2020.

Non official translation