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SOCIAL SECURITY, HEALTHCARE AND HEALTH PROFESSIONALS

SOCIAL SECURITY

Pensions

Takes into consideration contribution periods before the conclusion of the transition period stipulated in the Withdrawal Agreement (31/12/2020).

I have contribution periods registered in both Spain and the UK. Will these periods be taken into account to determine my eligibility to receive a pension when the United Kingdom leaves the EU?

Yes, they will be taken into account under EU law applicable to all contribution periods until 31 December 2020.

Payment of pensions

I receive a Spanish or British pension and live in the United Kingdom, Spain or another Member State. Will my pensions be paid after the UK leaves the EU?

Yes, before the end of the transition period (31/12/2020) pensions will continue to be paid under the exportability principle provided for by the European regulations.

Unemployment benefits

I have contribution periods registered in Spain and in the United Kingdom. Are these periods taken into account to determine eligibility for unemployment benefit when the United Kingdom leaves the EU?

During the transition period, the current situation with respect to eligibility for unemployment benefits will be maintained.

I am a citizen of the EU and a frontier worker in the United Kingdom living in Spain.

During the transition period, the current situation with respect to eligibility for unemployment benefits will be maintained.

HEALTHCARE

Information for Spanish citizens

The website of the Spanish Embassy in London:

http://www.exteriores.gob.es/Embajadas/LONDRES/es/VivirEn/Brexit-Espanoles/Paginas/El-Brexit-y-los-ciudadanos-espanoles.aspx

Information for UK citizens

Introduction

Following the UK's withdrawal from the EU, persons with a right to healthcare under the British National Health Service (NHS) are guaranteed access to the Spanish public health system until 31 December 2020 under the Withdrawal Agreement concluded in November between the EU and UK.

The guarantees offered by the Withdrawal Agreement are as broad as possible. UK citizens maintain their right to continue to receive medical care in all EU Member States under the same conditions as if they had continued to be EU citizens and vice versa.

1. UK nationals who are tourists in Spain

I am a UK citizen and wish to travel as a tourist to Spain after the date of UK's withdrawal. Will I have the right to healthcare in Spain? What documents will I need?

Yes, your situation will not change. The European Health Insurance Card will be the document that allows you to receive medical care during your trip, as the Community Regulations will continue to be applicable.

2. UK nationals who are students in Spain

I am a UK citizen studying for a doctorate/master's degree, or an ERASMUS student in Spain. Will I have the right to healthcare in Spain?

Yes, you have the right to healthcare if you hold a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC); or, if your university or research centre is sending you temporarily to Spain, you are covered under the British National Health Service, in which case you must apply for an S1 form in the UK before leaving.

3. UK nationals who are workers resident in Spain

3.1 I am a UK citizen and work permanently in Spain. Do I have the right to free healthcare? How do I prove it if necessary?

Yes, Spanish legislation guarantees the right to healthcare for all workers registered in the Spanish social security system. In this case recognition of the right is automatic: you don't have to carry out any procedure.

You will receive treatment in health centres that are part of the National Health System on presentation of your personal health card issued by the autonomous region where you reside.

Health cards issued before the UK withdrawal date will continue in force and be fully valid for healthcare in Spain.

3.2 I work in Spain. Does my family have the right to healthcare?

Yes, family members of a UK national who is working legally in Spain have the right to healthcare, provided that they are authorised to reside and actually reside in Spain.

This status is applicable to the worker's spouse or life partner, and to descendants of 26 years of age or under, or of any age if disabled, provided that they are dependent on and live with the worker.

3. 3. Which services in the Spanish National Health System are free?

Holders of a Spanish health card, or people who prove they have the right to medical care in the UK or Gibraltar, do not have to pay for treatment in the Spanish public health system, as the cost of treatment will be paid for by the UK, which will repay the costs to Spain.

3.4 If I am not considered a usual resident in Spain, can I be asked to pay for healthcare?

In the case of foreign visitors who do not have a Spanish National Health System health card, or do not provide documentary proof of their right to health cover by the British authorities, the Spanish National Health System may charge them for the services provided.

3.5 How will treatment already scheduled be affected by the UK's withdrawal from the EU?

It will not be affected.

4. UK nationals who are workers on secondment from their companies in Spain

I am a UK national and my company is located in the UK, but is sending me temporarily to Spain. Do I have the right to healthcare in Spain?

Yes, the Withdrawal Agreement guarantees that Community regulations will continue to apply.

A company may send a worker to another country while maintaining social insurance contributions in the country of origin.

A seconded worker may work temporarily in an EU country and continue affiliated to the British social security system for a period of two years, during which time their social security rights, including medical insurance, remain unchanged.

5. UK nationals who are cross-border workers resident in Gibraltar

I am a UK national and travel every day to work in Spain. Will I have the right to healthcare?

Yes, you retain your right.

6. UK nationals who are pensioners in the British social security system and are resident in Spain.

In the case of UK pensioners resident in Spain, will their access to healthcare in their place of residence be affected following Brexit?

Your right to healthcare will not be affected, the Community Regulations will continue to apply.

MEDICAL HISTORY

What will happen to my medical history data?

Holders of a health card will retain their rights, unless specific bilateral agreements are adopted between the United Kingdom and the Kingdom of Spain.

EMPLOYMENT OF HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS

I am a healthcare professional with qualifications obtained in the United Kingdom and am interested in working within my profession in Spain.

To what authority must I submit my application for recognition of my professional qualifications?

The Ministry of Health is the Spanish body with authority to recognise professional qualifications obtained in other Member States of the EU, and specifically to process and resolve applications for eligibility to work in Spain within the regulated professions in accordance with Annex X of Royal Decree 1837/2008 of 8 November, which transposed into Spanish law Directive 2005/36/EC, of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 September 2005, as well as the rules governing General Health Psychologists (Seventh Additional Provision of Law 33/2014 of 4 October, on General Public Health).

What department of the Ministry of Health, Consumption and Social Well-being is responsible for recognising foreign degrees for professional work purposes and thus allowing foreign healthcare professionals to work in Spain?

The Directorate-General for Regulation of the Professions is responsible for recognising foreign degrees for the purpose of working in the healthcare professions in cases where the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training and the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities does not have competence.

Once recognition is obtained, can I start to work in my profession?

Obtaining recognition does not mean, by itself, that the applicant meets the remaining conditions required to work in a regulated profession, such as nationality, membership of a professional association, or being in possession of a residence or work permit.

During the transition period established in the Withdrawal Agreement, what procedure do I have to follow to request recognition of my degree?

During the transition period (until 31 December 2020), the rules of the European Union will continue to apply, so the qualifications obtained in the United Kingdom will still benefit from European regulations recognising professional qualifications obtained in other Member States of the European Union.

You can find more information on the procedure to follow on the website of the Ministry of Health.

With the definitive exit of the UK from the European Union, diplomas and/or degrees will be handled by the Ministry of Universities.

Specialist degrees will be managed under Royal Decree 459/2010 of 16 April, regulating the recognition for professional purposes of specialist foreign degrees in the Health Sciences obtained in non-Member States of the EU, which implements Article 18 of Law 44/2003 of 21 December on the regulation of the healthcare professions.

Is there any difference in the procedure depending on the nationality of the third-party applicant?

Recognition for professional purposes of a specialist degree from a third country is based on the verification of the competencies and skills acquired. This is independent of the nationality of the applicant.

Access to specialist healthcare training. What impact will Brexit have on access to the calls for applications for selective tests for access to places on specialised healthcare training courses?

The aspects related to nationality are covered by the Specifications for Admission to Tests in Order SCB/925/2019 of 30 August, approving the offer of places on courses and the call for applications for selection tests in 2019 for access in 2020 to places on specialist healthcare training courses for degrees/short cycles/diplomas in Medicine, Pharmacy and the area of Psychology, Chemistry, Biology and Physics, published in the Official State Gazette on 9 September 2019.

For more information on professional qualifications see this link.

Non official translation